About Us…the Restore Christ Church Cathedral Campaign
We represent the diverse community of people who support full restoration of Christ Church Cathedral. We have campaigned vigorously for this and we are delighted that the project to reinstate Christ Church Cathedral is now underway. The main Cathedral will look essentially the same but it will be base isolated and meet 100% of the current seismic code. It will meet modern expectations for warmth, audibility and functionality making it better equipped for future worship, civic, social and community events. Read more on the Christ Church Cathedral Reinstatement website and subscribe for regular updates (scroll to the bottom of the page)
A Short History of Christ Church Cathedral
The building of Christ Church Cathedral by first settlers began just 14 years after the city was founded. The ambitious design by leading architects George Gilbert Scott and Benjamin Mountfort took 40 years to complete and is the jewel in the crown of Christchurch’s renowned Victorian Gothic architecture. Construction of the cathedral was a huge undertaking for a small community and only made possible by gifts of land, money and work from the early settlers. In many ways the cathedral, located at the heart of the city, expressed the city founders spiritual and civic aspirations and in time became the symbol of the city’s identity. Over recent decades, the people of Christchurch continued to pay for maintenance and earthquake strengthening, contributing to the building’s withstanding of the recent quakes.
The Christchurch Earthquakes
The cathedral was severely damaged by major earthquakes that hit Christchurch over a period of about 18 months from September 2010 to summer 2012.
About 80% of the original building still stands with the roof structure entirely intact and as straight as an arrow. Over the last year or so the earthquakes have tappered off to small and infrequent events and no further damage to the building has occurred.
The Church Elects to Demolish while Top Engineers Want Restoration
In February 2012 the Church Property Trustees (CPT) chaired by Bishop Victoria Matthews elected to have the building demolished in accordance with a Christchurch Earthquake Recovery Authority (CERA) process for earthquake damaged buildings. Within a short time over 100 leading structural and seismic engineers proclaimed that there was no need for demolition and that the cathedral could be restored fully to its former glory and with modern seismic engineering could be made safe to the highest level of the new codes for public buildings in New Zealand. In other words the restored cathedral would be as safe as any new post-quake buildings in Christchurch.
Campaign to Save the Cathedral Launched
Confident of the support of the expert engineering community the Restore Christchurch Cathedral (RCC) campaign was launched. First we met with the Bishop and other Church leaders and attempted to persuade and assist them to embrace the restoration option. RCC also lobbied politicians and civic leaders, launched a media campaign, and held a hugely successful public rally. Sadly the Church leaders spurned all offers for assistance and continued to insist demolition was the “only safe option” (sic).
Compelled to Court Action
About this time it became apparent the Church had no interest in restoration and the only hope of stopping demolition of the cathedral was through the Courts.
In June 2012 the Great Christchurch Buildings Trust (GCBT) challenged the Church’s (CPT) legal right to proceed with demolition and ignore requests from the community. Judge Chisholm subsequently directed the Church to consider all options and consult with the public. He also found that the CPT was within its rights to demolish and erect a new cathedral. The GCBT did not agree with Judge Chisholm that the church may choose to replace the original cathedral and in April 2013 lodged an appeal. The Appeals Court has upheld Judge Chisholm’s that there in nothing in the language of the CPT’s Deed of Trust that precludes destroying the cathedral.
The Church’s Consultation on 3 Options
Meantime the Church has gone through a consultation process which it completed in may 2013. It put three ‘costed’ options for consideration:
1. Full restoration (this was the first time the Church acknowledged full and safe restoration was possible and an acceptable outcome to them)
2. A traditional looking replica built to the same footprint and scale
3. A modern or contemporary design
The church then argued on the basis of bizarre timelines and escalted costs that restoration could take up to 22 years and cost up to $225 million
The GCBT Solution Proposal
Meantime GCBT put a solution proposal to the Church. It presented detailed plans by an Independent Panel of Expert Engineers for initial stablisation and make-safe work and offered to fund all costs for this work (approx. $7.9 million) and to start this work immediately. GCBT also presented its own cost estimates based on the Church’s restoration plan and costings, except it assummed an immediate start and completion within 7 years. GCBT, on the advice of independent engineers, also excluded base isolation work as being unnecessary.
The revised costing for full restoration is $67 million.
The Church has about $40 million in insurance payouts for restoration of the cathedral. This leaves a funding gap of about $27 million. The GCBT has offered to help raise the additional money required and is confident this can be achieved.
Chen Palmer Legal Opinion
RCC engaged public law specialists Chen-Palmer to explore other legal avenues to stop demolition. Chen-Palmer advised that the legislation governing Heritage Zealand (HNZ) should prevent them from signing off on the building’s demolition. If HNZ did not act on this advice and proceeded to give approval for demolition RCC would take all legal action required to enjoin that destruction.
Colmar Brunton Poll
In September 2014, The GCBT commissioned a Colmar Brunton Poll on the future of the cathedral following a brief advertising campaign to remind the public that the cathedral was not a ruin. The key finding was that a majority favoured restoring the cathedral (51%). This increased to 66% if the costs of restoration were met by private donations rather than ratepayer funding.
Deane Report ( December 2015)
In October 2015 the Government appointed Auckland lawyer, Miriam Deane to facilitate engagement between the engineering experts of the GCBT and the Church property trustees to try and agree on engineering options for repair, restoration or replacement, as these issues had not been dealt with in the litigation between the parties. There was a general consensus by the engineers that the cathedral could be strengthened and reinstated to the extent that for most people it would be indistinguishable from the pre-eathquake building.
Cathedral Working Group
In June 2016, the Government announced the formation of a working group to consider options for the cathedral. The working group comprised two appointees of the C P T, two of the Government and one person appointed following consultation with the GCBT. The report was delivered to the Government in December 2016 and an announcement on the future of the cathedral was expected by Christmas 2016. Unfortunately, agreement was unable to be reached and negotiations continued into 2017. The Government indicated that it had committed 10 million and the GCBT undertook to raise 15 million. The Church was asked to commit its insurance money leaving a shortfall of around $30 million to be raised over a number of years. The Church remained unconvinced that the necessary funds could be raised, resulting in a further offer from the Government to loan $15 while fundraising took place. This offer did not result in the hoped for breakthrough in negotiations. In May 2017, the Bishop announced that a decision would be made by Synod in September 2017.
Public release of the Cathedral Working Group Report
Having reached an apparent impasse in negotiations, the Government now released the Working Group Report. This is a very thorough, well researched and well-considered document. It very clearly recommends restoration, although this would include updating of utilities and services within the building to make it more fit for purpose. It also recommends base isolation, which meant the overall cost was higher than anticipated by the GCBT proposal. While earthquake strengthening can be achieved without base isolation, it offers the advantage of greater security against damage in any subsequent large scale events and would also allow strengthening to take place with less impact on the heritage fabric of the building. On the issue of fundraising, which was a major sticking point for the Church, a report by professional fundraisers commissioned by the Working Party, expressed a high level of confidence that a sum of 55 million could be raised in 3-5 years. This sum represents the amount needed on top of the insurance sum and the 10 million offered by the Government.
On Saturday September 9 2017 Synod voted to restore the Cathedral. The reinstatement process would be undertaken by a joint venture to be be established between the Church Property Trustees and an independent trust (Christ Church Cathedral Reinstatement Trust) to govern and manage the project. The trust would also lead the fundraising effort.
Christ Church Cathedral Reinstatement Trust
On the 20th of November 2017 the Government announced that Christchurch businessman, Peter Guthrey, had been appointed Chair of the Reinstatement Trust. In December 2017 the Christ Church Reinstatement Bill was introduced to Parliament and completed its 3rd reading on 20th December. Trustees were announced on the 22nd of December and a further group of Trustees were announced in February 2018. See Act here
Joint Venture Finalised June 2018
On the 29th of June 2018 the Government announced that a Joint Venture agreement had been reached and that the Joint Venture Company would be known as Christ Church Cathedral Reinstatement Limited (CCRL). Justin Murray was appointed as Chair of the Joint Venture Company.
The Joint Venture agreement sets out the terms between the Reinstatement Trust and the Church Property Trustees (CPT) in relation to the implementation, execution and completion of the project. Once other directors have been appointed CCRL will work on finalising the concept design, the scope of works, project budget and time-frames. First steps towards reinstatement were taken in July 2018 when clearance of asbestos contaminated rubble began at the site.
In November 2018 Keith Paterson, a Christchurch based engineer was appointed as project director for CCCL.
Progress with Reinstatement can be followed on the official Reinstate website